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Sample Essay from my order (Sustainability in SMES / Business)

BinaryMan 1 | 1   Student
Nov 09, 2016 | #1
I decided not to risk using this paper (ordered from CustomWritings.com) because I had heard that this site among others reuses content (and also a lot of bad feedback on these forums, which I discovered after I had gotten it). The cost was about $170 for this essay (about 10 pages of actual content). I did not see a clear indication that my instructions were followed in terms of the theme of the sources (they are just "random" sources loosely on the topics), and they don't look to be properly APA formatted (I've never seen anyone use "Web <url>" for a web source, at least not in APA 5th/6th. In addition it looks like it might be an ESL writer, some of the language is awkward (not that anyone in online classes really writes any better than this these days).

Instead I have payed again to have zurnal24.info do it properly. It costs about twice as much, but I expect from the reviews I have seen of them that I won't have to worry about originality nor quality. Well paid writers in this case means motivated writers since there is some research involved. I will see how that turns out.


Ethics Annotated Bibliography
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Ethical Social CorporationSocial Corporate Responsibility, or CSR, is a growing ethical value that should be emphasized among the small and medium-sized enterprises, or SMEs, for the sake of upholding sustainable business environments in the long term at the global scope. Most of the business activities today, including production, distribution and consumption patterns need to be monitored in ways that enable business to take responsibilities for the negative effects and societal costs of their activities. From the SMEs' perspective, CSR programs amount to costs and responsibilities that dig into the business revenue in ways that increase expenditure. Temptations for neglecting CSR values are, therefore, common among many SMEs especially those with skewed profitability prospects. Such tendencies cultivate unethical business practices that are detrimental to sustainable business culture in its entirety.

SMEs represent a unique business and organizational segment comprised of numerous players with potential of dominating the multinational and international business platforms based on dynamics in the global business environment. Ethical and moral values that sustain sustainability should be emphasized among SMEs from the earliest opportunities possible so that the enterprises can expand their CSR programs simultaneously as their business expands. Many intellectuals have suggested mechanisms and analyzed measures through which different CSR models can be applied to achieve sustainable practices in the contemporary business environment. This paper covers an annotated bibliography that discusses some of the interaction points between SME business models and sustainability business practice as represented by the SMEs approach to CSR. The sources derive their relevance from the seven layers of integrity and ethical decision making models studied under the course.

Annotated Bibliography

Spence, L. J. (2014). Small business social responsibility expanding core CSR theory. Business & Society, 0007650314523256.
This journal article expounds on the general topic of CSR and its compatibility with the modern business culture, where startups and SMEs are increasingly gaining relevance and publicity at the industrial and market levels of business practice. From this source, insights that illustrate the moral values, professional and organizational codes of ethics and industrial and community standards surrounding the concept of CSR are discussed and conceived within the modern business environment where SMEs are increasing in quantity, scope of influence and economic significance. The source is relevant, reliable and resourceful for readers who wish to gain a general perspective into the CSR concepts as conceived in the modern organizational and business age.

Wickert, C., Scherer, A. G., & Spence, L. J. (2016). Walking and talking corporate social responsibility: Implications of firm size and organizational cost. Journal of Management Studies.

This journal article, authored by three prominent management scholars, focuses on the relationship between the organization size and its ability to meet the costs of the CSR programs that best fits its business model. The source alludes that the industrial, community, legal and market standards that define efficiency in the organization's CSR may not be achievable by SMEs based on low investment and revenue bases of organizations in this category. This article is resourceful in informing the nature of challenges that most SMEs face in their handling of CSR programs. The article can also provide researchers with timely and relevant information that can be used in comparing the performances of SMEs and large corporations in the CSR implementation programs.

Inyang, B. J. (2013). Defining the role engagement of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in corporate social responsibility (CSR). International business research, 6(5), 123.

This source provides information on the contract agreements that ought to guide the CSR culture among SMEs under ethical business models. As one of the elements under the seven layers of integrity, the agreements stipulate the obligation of the businesses to the community surrounding them and being affected by their activities. This source can inform the industrial and community standards that ought to inform the SMEs' approach to CSR which has been historically inefficient. A reader of this article will understand the organizational, industrial, societal, legal and professional ethics codes that surround the concept of CSR in the context of SMEs. The author is a prominent business researcher with a series of peer-reviewed articles under his name.

Dzansi, D. Y. (2011). Social responsibility of small businesses in a typical rural African setting: Some insights from a South African study. African Journal of Business Management, 5(14), 5710.

This journal article delves into the South African economy that is dominated by SMEs, which have unfortunately recorded poor performances and orientations with SCR programs, hence accumulating negative effects in the country's society over their history. The source informs the interpersonal relationship element of the seven layers of integrity by demonstrating a practical example of a poor and exploitative relationship between small and medium-sized businesses in South Africa, and the stakeholders in these businesses. The article utilizes a study conducted in the South African business environment to illustrate how SMEs can undermine sustainable business practices by neglecting the CSR frameworks.

Monnet, J. M., & Le Net, E. (2011). Assessment of logistics concept to sustainability: Development of a common approach to transport issues.
This source is a report developed under the European Union programs. It discusses the various factors that undermine sustainability in the transport programs of the various SMEs operating within Europe. The source uses a tool identified as EFORWOOD to measure the environmental challenges emanating from increased transportation processes among SMEs in their supply and distribution chains. The fossil fuels burnt by vehicles transporting goods and services from suppliers and into the market among SMEs induce environmental and resource costs on the society as a whole. This article focuses on the moral values associated with some of the business activities of SMEs and can adequately inform research on the types and nature of costs the society incurs based on high prevalence of SMEs within its structures.

Lahdesmaki, M., & Suutari, T. (2012). Keeping at arm's length or searching for social proximity? Corporate social responsibility as a reciprocal process between small businesses and the local community. Journal of Business Ethics, 108(4), 481-493.

This article analyzes the moral and spiritual values surrounding CSR programs in the context of SMEs. The authors are renowned opinion leaders in the business ethics field, and the source was published in a peer-reviewed journal within the past half decade. From this article, therefore, the moral, ethical, industrial, legal and organizational values that ought to encourage the conventional SMEs in developing and implementing robust CSR programs are identified. The source is resourceful, reliable and relevant to a reader who wish to review the ethics behind CSR as conceived in the context of SMEs.

James, L. (2015). Sustainability Footprints in SMEs: Strategy and Case Studies for Entrepreneurs and Small Business. John Willey and Sons

This book attempts to demonstrate how the sustainability footprints theory, such as carbon footprint, has evolved with the aim of revealing the success factors that can enhance sustainable growth models among the SMEs. The source focuses on the path that the concept of sustainability has taken and its moral significance in the modern business theories. The book can inform the topic of sustainable SME practice based on the laws, moral values, and community and industrial factors, among other elements of moral ethical business practice to facilitate strategies for encouraging SMEs' involvement in CSR.

Decision Making Ethics Sources

Anonymous (2016). CSR now part of strategic decision-making: Ficci survey. Business Standard. Web HYPERLINK

This newspaper article discusses a study that apparently revealed that shifts and dynamics in the consumer markets and the general business environment are gradually forcing businesses to integrate CSR models in their models. Ethical approach to the business practice, especially as represented by sustainable business culture, is increasingly gaining relevance in the modern business environment. This source can assist researchers and young entrepreneurs to perceive the decision making models that would best work for their startups.

Songini, L. Pistoni, A. Herzig, C. (2013). Accounting and Control for Sustainability. Emerald Group Publishing

This source is a book that analyzes the accounting and control models that can guide decision making processes among businesses with CSR programs. The authors argue that rich, precise and reliable accounting data and effective control systems are effective tools for enhancing sustainability, especially among SMEs with developing CSR programs. The source can be effective in informing the decision making models that can best uphold sustainable business culture among inexperienced SMEs.

Laurinkeviciute, A., & Stasiskiene, Z. (2011). SMS for decision making of SMEs. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 13(6), 797-807.
This scholarly article suggests some strategies, policies and processes that SMEs can adopt in order to make sustainable decisions in their business pursuits. The article provides applicable decision making tools that reflect a great deal of potential and opportunities in sustainable business practices. The article is useful in inspiring decision making strategies that can effectively transform the conventional SME business practice into a sustainable endeavor.



The analysis of the relationship models that govern interactions between businesses, organizations and communities surrounding them in the developing world may provide interesting insights into the economic challenges that are characteristic of unsustainable and, therefore, unethical business practice. Conventionally, communities are identified as one of the stakeholders within the organizational structures, but this identification takes more of a theoretic approach in the sharing of business returns in most of the developing economies. Unlike in the developed world, where business and organizational practice is guided by arguably commendable laws, policies, models, ethics and other values, the developing world continue to experience challenges with sustainability, moral codes and CSR concepts that transfer business and organizational benefits to the communities.

Based on a personal ideological position that associates ethical business practice with benefits that extend to all sections of the society within which the business operates, the analysis of this topic represents a personal commitment to identifying, measuring, explaining and developing solutions to the economic challenges that face the developing societies of mankind. The topic ought to be pursued in order to establish areas of improvement and support sustainable business culture in all human societies in order to mitigate challenges associated with the prevailing economic imbalances. The annotated bibliography outlined below reflects some of the sources that provide intellectual insights into the topic.

Annotated Bibliography

Rosenwald, M. S. (2016). This student put 50 million stolen research articles online. And they're free. Washington Post. Web HYPERLINK on 4th November, 2016.

This newspaper article reports a case of unethical business practice in Kazakhstan, a developing country, in which a young graduate stole tens of millions of published journal articles and sold them through an online private archive. The effects of this unethical business practice, according to the article, included a loss of over ten billion dollars experienced by academic publishers. The source can provide a glimpse into the immorality with which some businesses are operated in many developing economies.

Olken, B. A., & Pande, R. (2011). Corruption in developing countries (No. w17398). National Bureau of Economic Research.
This journal article analyzes the effects of corruption as one of the most prevalent unethical values in the developing economy, and the rigor with which businesses contribute in expounding corrupt systems, deals and processes. The source illustrates corruption in the perspectives of law, moral value system, community standards and other elements of ethical interest. This source can inform a researcher with insights on the effects of corrupt business practices in the developing world, and the negative relationship models that corruption sets between businesses in these economies and the communities around them.

Olken, B. A. (2006). Corruption and the costs of redistribution: Micro evidence from Indonesia. Journal of public economics, 90(4), 853-870.
This journal article provides an objective view into the prevailing business practice in Indonesia, a developing economy, and how corruption affects the Indonesians. Corruption in business and government impacts heavy costs on the Indonesia people against the Indonesian laws, community standards and contractual agreement codes. This source provides a practical example of an exploitative relationship between some businesses and the communities in a developing economy.

Muthuri, J. N., Moon, J., & Idemudia, U. (2012). Corporate innovation and sustainable community development in developing countries. Business & Society, 0007650312446441.

This source discusses the organizational, economic, environmental and business concepts that should be injected into the conventional corporate sectors of the developing economies to yield sustainability. The source represents an effort by intellectuals to think around solutions for sustainability challenges that continue to characterize business environments in the developing world. It takes professional ethics code and moral value approaches in its conception of business ethics. This source is instrumental in revealing the deficits existing in the business cultures of the developing world and proposing solutions to neutralize them.

Thomas, K. D. (2015). Handbook of Research on Sustainable Development and Economics. IGI Global. Pp512

This book attempts to navigate the reader through the basic and general tenets of sustainable economic development. In the book, sustainability is represented as one of the values that represent positive interpersonal relationships between businesses and communities around them. The book also analyzes the moral values that should guide business practice for sustainability to exist. From this source, one can learn the ideal forms of relationships that should bind businesses to communities in environments with developing economic prospects.

Nasrullah, N. M. & Rahim, M. M. (2013). CSR in Private Enterprises in Developing Countries: Evidences from the Ready-Made Garments Industry in Bangladesh. Springer Science & Business Media. Pp220

This source analyzes the business environment in Bangladesh to reveal its unsustainable state that has been as a result of poor approach to ethical business concepts, such as CSR, among private entrepreneurs. Lack of sustainability in this business environment can be taken as a representation of unhealthy relationships between the private enterprises, such as those involved in the garment industry in Bangladesh, and the community. The authors focus on the moral values and the communal as well as the industrial standards that ought to define sustainability in the modern civilized business practice. The source exemplifies that exploitative relationships between businesses and people can hinder economic development.

Hamzehpour, M. (2013). The Role of Small Business in Economical Development. Life Science Journal, 10(1).

This source analyzes the duties and responsibilities of small businesses in promoting economic development in an ideal business environment. Small businesses are significant in driving economic growth through their creation of jobs, enhancement of product and service distribution processes and other roles. Through this source, a reader can identify the ideal form of relationship that should connect businesses to communities in the developing economy. From this identification, the reader can recognize the weaknesses in most of the business-community relationships in the developing economies hence determining the most probable solutions.

Decision Making Ethics Resources

Neumark, D., Wall, B., & Zhang, J. (2008). Do small businesses create more jobs? New evidence from the national establishment time series (No. w13818). National Bureau of Economic Research.

This resource seeks to establish, through a study, the significance of small businesses in creating job opportunities, and community benefit, especially in the developing world. The study identifies ethical and value-based business practice as a significant tool for enhancing economic growth in any economy. The source is resourceful since it demonstrates the benefits, opportunities and gains that communities lose or forego based on unethical business culture in the developing nations

Sequeira, S. (2011). Advances in measuring corruption in the field. London School of Economics
This article reports on the various strategies that have been used to determine the magnitude, severity and effects of corrupt activities in the business environment based on moral values of ethical business practice. The article can offer the tools for analyzing the effects of unethical business culture beyond corruption in a way that would avail details regarding the relationship between business and community in an identified context. Such measurement tools are effective in the development of data and statistics for aiding the decision making processes.

Blackman, A. (2010). Small Firms and the Environment in Developing Countries: "Collective Impacts, Collective Action". Routledge

This book argues that collectivity is a significant factor for decision makers to consider when planning for actions and strategies that will harmonize firms and the other factors constituting the firms' environment and primarily the communities. The book takes an advisory approach to offer insights that can enrich decisions and strategies for mitigating unethical and unsustainable business challenges in the developing economies. Decisions, apparently, should advocate for a collective approach by all stakeholders and entities within the business environments.
FreelanceWriter    5 | 1,315 ☆☆☆☆   Freelance Writer
Nov 09, 2016 | #2
The writing itself is actually pretty good for ESL, but I'd agree that it wasn't written by a native English speaker, just from the bolded words in the very first sentence.

Social Corporate Responsibility, or CSR, is a growing ethical value that should be emphasized among the small and medium-sized enterprises, or SMEs, for the sake of upholding sustainable business environments in the long term at the global scope.

Extremely experienced, honest, versatile American writer in NYC with a Law Degree from NYLS: Visit NYCFreelanceWriter "dot" com

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